Copenhagen Business School, Denmark
Susana Borrás is Professor of Innovation and Governance at Copenhagen Business School, Denmark. Her research interests are in the field of innovation policy. One of her leading questions is, what governments can do to foster socio-technical innovation in the economy, and how research and innovation policy can be designed to more problem-solving addressing grand challenges. Understanding that governmental action is embedded in a governance context, issues of market dynamics, social legitimacy, as well as organizational and analytical capacity are inescapable questions for transformative innovation. Her most recent book is “Holistic Innovation Policy: Theoretical Foundations, Policy Problems, and Instrument Choices” (2019) at Oxford University Press (with Charles Edquist).
State Capacity in Transformative Science Technology and Innovation PoliciesThe transformative turn in science, technology and innovation (STI) policy is a problem-oriented approach that seeks solving complex socio-economic challenges. Several countries have started to introduce some elements of this transformative turn. Yet, if STI policies are to contribute to transformative change, we need to pay more attention to the organizational context in which that change is embedded. Moreover, the ability of STI policies to perform any transformative role at all depends very much on the politico-administrative capacity of the state to act as an agent of change. Four types of capacity are of relevance in this regard, namely, delivery capacity, coordination capacity, regulatory capacity and analytical capacity.
Department of Economic and Finance. University of Rome “Tor Vergata”
Enrico Giovannini is an Italian economist and statistician, full professor at the University of Rome “Tor Vergata”. He was Minister of Labour and Social Policies (2013-2014), President of the Italian Statistical Institute (2009-2013), Director of Statistics and Chief Statistician of the OECD (2001-2009). He is the founder and director of the Italian Alliance for Sustainable Development, a coalition established to implement in Italy the UN 2030 Agenda 2030. He is President of the European Statistical Governance Advisory Board, member of the Global Commission on the future of work at the ILO and of boards of several Italian and international institutions. In October 2014, the President of the Italian Republic made him “Cavaliere di Gran Croce al Merito della Repubblica”, the highest ranking honour of the Italian Republic. He is the author of more than 100 articles on statistical and economic topics, as well as of five books.
SPRU – Science Policy Research Unit, University of Sussex, UK
Adrian Ely’s research in science, technology and innovation for sustainable development spans the areas of agriculture, health, energy and water. He currently co-leads the international ‘Pathways’ Transformative Knowledge Network, which works with academic and non-academic partners on sustainability challenges across four continents. He has been a member of the STEPS Centre (Social, Technological and Environmental Pathways to Sustainability) since its inception in 2006 and leads its approach to impact and engagement through work at local, national and international levels.